Modular Building Institute

ICM Temporary Emergency Facility

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Main Category:
Modular Building Design
ATCO Structures & Logistics Ltd.
Mobilfab Inc.
Montreal, Quebec
Building Use:
Emergency Clinic & Doctor Admin
Gross Size of Project:
28200 Square Feet
Days to complete:

Award Criteria

  1. Architectural Excellence
    The Montreal Heart Institute (ICM) temporary emergency building layout, comprising 42 modular units, was carefully planned with various hospital departments to meet the technical and operational requirements to run a busy emergency room. Extra width was added to corridors on the first level to allow for two-way traffic of hospital beds. A variation in floor tile patterns was used to mark bed locations and designated waiting and triage areas. In some areas, the lower half of the walls have an Acrovyn protection panel to minimize wear and tear. Two nurse’s stations were installed complete with a call system for each of the 30 emergency bed locations and washrooms. The second level has spacious doctor’s offices. Large windows allow for natural light and contemporary finishes give it a less institutional feel. The install was carefully planned and executed from foundation upwards to meet the Level 02 elevator and corridor link to the hospital.
  2. Technical Innovation & Sustainability
    The building is installed on the neighbor's property, so maximizing the work in plant to limit construction time on site helped minimize disruption. Manufacturing included building services like electrical, plumbing, HVAC, sprinklers, and medical gas distribution. The design also facilitated the installation onsite of the datacom, intercom, and nurse call systems. The electrical distribution was designed to be totally placed on emergency power provided by the existing ICM facilities. Because of its special emergency occupancy, the HVAC system for Level 01 was designed to provide over 12 air changes per hour, which required additional exhaust within the building. This exhaust air is channeled back in the crawl space providing a tempered environment and continuous air changes, reducing the need for additional heat/ventilation source while protecting the plumbing, electrical, fire alarm, and pneumatic documents system. The entire building is designed to post-disaster code requirements.
  3. Cost Effectiveness
    Because the building is only required for 4-5 years, and being on the neighbor’s property, it was essential the design be modular. The design includes module-to-module interconnections of all building services to minimize work performed on site. The replacement of surface mounted fluorescent fixtures in the crawl space with DEL lighting provides a more economical and more efficient lighting in a confined space. Redirecting the exhaust air from the suspended ceilings to the crawl space also provides ICM with a more economical and more efficient solution to heat and ventilate the mechanical crawl space. The use of driven and screwed steel pile foundation also provides for a more economical solution for dismantling at the end of project versus a standard concrete foundation. The "L-Shape" complex had the structural, electrical and mechanical building systems designed to be converted to (8) smaller single-storey complexes post project at low cost.
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